The South African ICARD 2018 consortium places emphasis on mine water and proposes that the 11th ICARD with the theme “Risk to Opportunity” focus on ARD and NRD issues. The primary identity of the conference would be ICARD in order to maintain and to capital-ise on the established international track record of the ICARD conferences. Depending on the decision of the IMWA EC, the ICARD/IMWA 2015 Conference might be seen as a proto-type for another ICARD/IMWA conference in 2018.